Coffee beans are grown on farms around the world. The process begins when farmers plant seeds in soil that has been fertilized by manure or compost. After the seeds sprout, they’re harvested and dried. Dried coffee beans are then shipped to roasters for processing into ground coffee.
The Coffee Bean Seed
Coffee bean seeds are small, round, brownish-black fruits that contain a hard shell. They are usually found inside pods that protect them until they mature. Each pod contains two to four seeds.
Read Also: How Coffee Beans Processed
Harvesting the Coffee Bean
Once the coffee beans are harvested, they must be processed into green coffee beans before being roasted. Green coffee beans are dried and then ground up into a fine powder called “ground coffee.” This process removes any moisture from the beans and makes them easier to transport.
Processing the Coffee Bean
After the coffee beans are processed, they are ready to be roasted. Roasting brings out the flavor of the coffee beans by changing the chemical composition of the bean. During roasting, the caffeine is released and the oils evaporate.
Roasting the Coffee Bean
Once the coffee beans are roasted, they are ground into a fine powder called “ground coffee.” This process removes any remaining oil and caffeine from the bean.
Brewing the Coffee Bean
After grinding the coffee beans, the next step is to brew them. There are two main methods used to make coffee: drip and percolation. Drip brewing uses hot water to extract flavor from the coffee grounds while percolation uses cold water.