Coffee is one of the plantation commodities that has a fairly high economic value compared to other plantation crops and plays an important role as a source of foreign exchange for the country. Indonesian coffee pits from time to time continue to increase considering that coffee produced by various regions in Indonesia has unique taste characteristics (acidity, aroma, taste). Coffee farmers in Indonesia regions are very dependent on the economic value of coffee. Dependence on coffee marketing as the main source of income for farmers causes vulnerability to fluctuations in coffee prices and climate change. Facing the conditions of climate change, what needs to be done immediately is to find the relevant factors due to the influence of climate on aspects related to coffee cultivation.
The rainy season does play an important role in producing coffee cherries that will bear fruit but if the rainy season comes at the same time as the harvest season, then it also means a threat to the ripe coffee cherries. Heavy rainfall can cause coffee cherries to fall to the ground, which if left for long enough will cause the (fallen) cherries to ferment. Another risk that can also occur is that the coffee cherries remain on the tree trunk but undergo a cracking process—the fruit surface experiences significant “cracks”. Cracking occurs because too much water is absorbed too quickly, causing the cells in the skin of a blooming cherry to ‘overextend’. As a result, the cherry skin becomes cracked.
The problem of rain is also not only a loss when the coffee cherries are on the tree but also during the drying process which can take up to 2x the usual time, this can also cause a decrease in the quality of coffee beans that are not perfectly dry. In 2022, almost all regions in producing quality coffee beans, especially in Indonesia, have experienced a decline in agricultural yields due to high and unpredictable rainfall. This is also very influential on the supply chain side, especially “Sooca Coffee” which routinely requires large quantities of coffee beans for export needs to several countries, with a fairly high demand from several countries this is a challenge as an exporter of coffee beans from Indonesia.
Actually, in terms of weather and climate, we all have the opportunity to help reduce or slow down the impacts of climate change which are quite significant in a first way, starting to care about the environment or commonly called go green, secondly, making a large enough dome for the drying process coffee beans by absorbing the sun’s heat so that if there is a sudden rain it will not have a significant effect on the coffee drying results because in the dome it absorbs the sun’s heat quite well. Hope next year will get better for coffee production, Sooca Coffee will fully support Indonesia’s local coffee bean farmers.